The Causes of marine auxiliary engines hunting problems, encountered during operation.
The engine has started but there is a fluctuation in the RPM. You think that the tachometer cable might have broken but you hear the sounds of acceleration and de-acceleration. The governor linkages are moving like crazy sometimes increasing the RPM and sometimes decreasing it. The auxiliary engines have an Isochronous governor, which means that the engine has to operate at a constant speed after starting.
“Iso” means same and “chronus” means speed and thus is supposed to be a constant speed governor, unlike the main engine governor, which you can run at various speeds.
How to troubleshoot marine auxiliary engines hunting problems
Firstly, stop the engine, if already on loaded condition, Transfer load and stop the engine and check the following reasons ;
1) The engine is cold and leads to uneven combustion; it may cause when forgot to put the engine on pre-heating after stopping last time. Check for the engine temperature before starting, it should maintain 35-40C. Check the Golden book ( manufacturer manual)
2) The tachometer or its wire may be out of order; They may be rubbing, or the pin might have turned around and is about to give in. Try lubricating the wire, or changing the tachometer.
3) The fuel line may be having air; Yes!, now you remember you had changed the filter but had forgotten to purge the air and prime the system. This is a good time to do it.
4) Some fuel injectors getting stuck and firing intermittently; This might happen in engines which are run on Heavy fuel oil. These engines are supposed to change over to diesel oil for approximately half an hour before stopping. The half an hour figure is only a rough guideline, practically the purpose is to flush the pipelines.
5) Faulty governor; the governor oil is supposed to be removed and spaces flush with clean kerosene, before filling up with oil again. Sometimes the pilot valves have some sludge stuck and hence the hunting.
Introduction to Marine Engineering: by D.A. Taylor
Maritime power plants and maintenance.