A leading international Classification Society “ClassNK ” has recently released a general guidelines for Automated ship operations. According to the information provided on their website, the guidelines includes;
• Installations and control of Automated Operation Systems
• Design development
• Remote Operation Systems
However, as interest in autonomous and remotely-controlled ships is growing fast, also actively research and development of technology relating to maritime autonomous surface ships (MASS) has been on for the past years with the aim of improving safety by preventing human errors, as well as improving working conditions by reducing the work force on ship crew members, while demonstration experiments are being carried out on a globally.
According to the information gathered, “It is expected that the design and development of technology relating to MASS will be performed in various concepts. The direction of the developments can be roughly divided into the following two ways: design and development aiming to lessen the number of crew members onboard unmanned ships or comparatively small ships with limited short navigation routes, and design and development for partial automation of onboard tasks or remote support, mainly with the purpose of supporting the onboard operation of crew members” It says.
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